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Jan 2009

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{\title RESPECTIVES }
{\author dmaraj}
{\*\company Mcmaster University}}\margl1440\margr1440\vieww13140\viewh14520\viewkind1
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\f0\b\fs24 \cf0 Respectives \
Human rights & Equity Services Newsletter - January 2009\
\
\
Welcome to the first HRES newsletter for the calendar year.  For many of us, January is a time for making new resolutions or recycling the same ones we made last year (or the year before last!).  Making commitments to our health and the health of our loved ones is frequently first on our list of New Year\'92s Resolutions.  \
\
\
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\i \cf0 \ul \ulc0 Health \'96 A Matter of Social Justice\
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\i0 \cf0 \ulnone \
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\b0 \cf0 According to the World Health Organization\'92s (WHO) recent report, \'93
\i Closing the gap in a generation \'96 Health equity through action on the social determinants of health
\i0 \'94, factors such as where we live, where we work, where we go to school, our environment and our economic status all impact on our ability to be healthy.  \
\
The 
\i Commission on Social Determinants of Health
\i0  notes that children have dramatically different life chances depending on where they were born.  The differences in \'93life chances\'94 are dramatic even within countries.  The poorest of the poor children will have the highest levels of illness and premature mortality; the lower your socioeconomic position, the worse your health will be \'96 and that of your children.  Consider the following information regarding life expectancy throughout the world:\
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\cf0 \
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\ls1\ilvl0\cf0 1.	The life expectancy of Canadians continues to rise; it has now reached 80.4 years according to Statistics Canada. \
2.	In Japan or Sweden, people can expect to live more than 80 years.\
3.	People living in Brazil can expect to celebrate their 72\super nd\nosupersub  birthday.\
4.	In India, the average life expectancy is 63 years.\
5.	In certain African countries, a child\'92s life expectancy decreases to 50 years. \
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The Commission states that social injustice \'93is killing people on a grand scale\'94 and reducing health inequities is \'93an ethical imperative\'94.  As such, the Commission identifies three principles of action:\
\
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\ls2\ilvl0
\b \cf0 1.	Improve Daily Living Conditions
\b0 ; for example, improve the well-being of girls and women and the circumstances in which their children are born.\
\ls2\ilvl0
\b 2.	Tackle the inequitable distribution of power, money and resources.
\b0   In order to address health issues and conditions of daily living, it is necessary to address inequities in the way society is organized \'96 such as those between men and women.  This requires a strong public sector that is committed, capable and adequately financed.\
\ls2\ilvl0
\b 3.	Measure and understand the problem and assess the impact of action.
\b0  National governments and international organizations should establish health equity surveillance systems for routine monitoring of health inequities, develop a workforce that is trained in the social determinants of health, and raise public awareness about same.\
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\cf0 \
Refer to {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2008/WHO_IER_CSDH_08.1_eng.pdf"}}{\fldrslt \ul http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2008/WHO_IER_CSDH_08.1_eng.pdf}} for further information.\
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\b \cf0 \ul \
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\i \cf0 Racial Inequality in Access to Health Care Services\
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\i0\b0 \cf0 \ulnone \
In its 2004 policy paper, the Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC) identifies facets of this problem which include the role of socio-economic factors, the under-representation of racialized groups in the medical profession, the importance of communication in the health context, the delivery of culturally sensitive care, and evidence of discrimination in clinical decision-making and health outcomes.\
\
The OHRC notes that racial inequality in the health care context is most often indirect and systemic.  For example, the availability of a male doctor for everyone in a small town might seem like perfectly equitable access, yet may not be because Muslim women cannot be examined by him.  What the OHRC is describing here is the impact of indirect discrimination, i.e., when "
\i exactly the same services are provided to everybody (so that they appear fair) but when for cultural, religious, linguistic or other reasons it is not possible for members of one or more black and minority ethnic groups to benefit equally from them
\i0 ."\super  \nosupersub  The OHRC indicates that adopting a "
\i colour-blind approach
\i0 " (which is usually well-meant) and treating all people the same does not result in equal access.  Refer to {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "http://www.ohrc.on.ca/en/issues/racism/racepolicydialogue/sh"}}{\fldrslt \ul http://www.ohrc.on.ca/en/issues/racism/racepolicydialogue/sh}} for more information. 
\f1 \
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\f0 \cf0 \
At McMaster there are a variety of resources to assist campus community members in augmenting their sense of well-being, including: \
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\f0\b\fs24 Campus Health 
\b0 (for students) 
\b :
\b0  MUSC B-101, Ext. 27700, {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "http://www.mcmaster.ca/health/"}}{\fldrslt \ul http://www.mcmaster.ca/health/}}  \
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\f3 	
\f0\b\fs24 Centre for Student Development (CSD):
\b0  MUSC B-107, Ext. 24711, {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "http://csd.mcmaster.ca/"}}{\fldrslt \ul http://csd.mcmaster.ca/}} \
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\f3 	
\f0\b\fs24 Student Health Education Centre (SHEC):
\b0  MUSC 202, Ext. 22041, {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "http://www.msumcmaster.ca/servicesandbusiness/shec/generalInfo/main.htm"}}{\fldrslt \ul http://www.msumcmaster.ca/servicesandbusiness/shec/generalInfo/main.htm}} \
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\f3 	
\f0\b\fs24 McMaster\'92s Healthy Workplace 
\b0 (for staff/faculty)
\b :
\b0  Ext. 23275, {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "http://www.workingatmcmaster.ca/healthy-workplace"}}{\fldrslt \cf2 \ul \ulc2 http://www.workingatmcmaster.ca/healthy-workplace}} \
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\f3 	
\f0\b\fs24 Employee and Family Assistance Program 
\b0 (for staff/faculty)
\b :
\b0  services provided by Human Solutions, 1.800.663.1142, {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "http://www.humansolutions.ca/%22%20%5Co%20%22blocked::http://www.humansolutions.ca/"}}{\fldrslt \ul www.humansolutions.ca}}  \
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\f2\fs20 \uc0\u9827 
\f3 	
\f0\b\fs24 McMaster\'92s Chaplaincy Centre 
\b0 (entire campus community)
\b :
\b0  MUSC 231, Ext. 24207, {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "http://www.mcmaster.ca/chaplain/"}}{\fldrslt \ul http://www.mcmaster.ca/chaplain/}} \
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\f3 	
\f0\b\fs24 Queer Students Community Centre (QSCC) 
\b0 (entire campus community)
\b :
\b0  MUSC U221, Ext. 27397 {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "http://www.msumcmaster.ca/servicesandbusiness/qscc/generalInfo/overview.htm"}}{\fldrslt \ul http://www.msumcmaster.ca/servicesandbusiness/qscc/generalInfo/overview.htm}} \
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\i\b \cf0 \ul Director\'92s Message
\i0 \
\
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\b0 \cf0 \ulnone Welcome to a new year, filled with lots of opportunities. At HRES, we are looking forward to working with the McMaster community to promote human rights on campus. There are a number of activities planned to involve various stakeholders in this work. \
\
You\'92ll be hearing a lot this year about the President\'92s Advisory Committee on Building an Inclusive Community (or \'93PACBIC\'94), which is already engaged in a number of initiatives to embed equity and diversity across campus. There are many opportunities to get involved in the coming weeks, including through a series of public consultations on defining an inclusive community. \
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\cf0 \
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\cf0 Stay tuned and be sure to play your part!\
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\cf0 \
Mil\'e9 Komlen\
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\cf0 Director, Human Rights & Equity Services
\b \
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\i \cf0 \ul \
\
FYI\'85\
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\i0\b0 \cf0 \ulnone \
During the week of January 26\super th\nosupersub , Bridges Caf\'e9 (which is part of the MSU\'92s Diversity Services) will offer traditional Asian meals (vegetarian and vegan) and information as part of its celebration of the Chinese New Year.  Bridges is located in the Refectory Building.\
\
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\i\b \cf0 \ul Religious Holidays \'96 January 
\b0 \
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\i0 \cf0 \ulnone \
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\b \cf0 Christianity\
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\b0 \cf0 6, 19	Epiphany (Theophany)\
6	Armenian Christmas\
7	Christmas (according to Julian Calendar)\
\
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\b \cf0 Confucian/Daoist/Buddhist \
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\b0 \cf0 26	Chinese New Year \
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\b \cf0 \
Hinduism\
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\b0 \cf0 13	Lohri\
14	Makar Sandranti\
31	Basant Panchami\
\
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\b \cf0 Islam\
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\b0 \cf0 7	Ashura\
\
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\b \cf0 Shinto\
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\b0 \cf0 1	Gantan-Sai\
\
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\b \cf0 Sikh\
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\b0 \cf0 5	Birthday of Guru Gobind Singh\
13	Lohri\
}