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Statutes and Laws

Statutes and Laws

Charter of Rights and Freedoms

The Charter of Rights and Freedoms is an important part of the Constitution of Canada. Its scope is limited to interactions between individuals and agents of the state. All laws and government policies and practices must comply with the terms of the Charter.

The Charter guarantees individuals in Canada certain freedoms (s. 2) and rights (s. 15) related to human rights issues:

s.2. Everyone has the following fundamental freedoms:

  • freedom of conscience and religion
  • freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication
  • freedom of peaceful assembly
  • freedom of association

s.15. Everyone has the following rights: 

Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination and, in particular, without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability.

 

Human Rights Codes

Human Rights Codes across the country may have minor differences in terminology, coverage and application, however, all forbid discrimination and harassment (whether direct or indirect) in the areas of employment, accommodation and services on a fairly consistent set of protected human rights grounds

 
For more information on the Ontario Human Rights Codes please visit the Ontario Human Rights Commission